UN75 ↔ Philosophical Basics of UN Reform ↔
Security Council Reform ↔ UN Funding System (2)
by Vladimir Rogozhin
An educated people without a metaphysics
is like a richly decorated temple without a holy of holies.
Necessary to reform
An analysis of the activities of the United Nations, ideas and proposals for reform of the UN, previously submitted by many UN member states and expert groups, make it possible to conclude: the United Nations has no alternative, but requires deep structural reform with its transition to a new quality and level of legitimacy, corresponding to its goals and objectives, defined in the Charter and other fundamental documents of the UN with the preservation and enhancement of the conceptual core of the essential basis of the whole structure of international relations – global historical memory of the century-long path of Humanity’s movement towards unity, as a necessary condition for safe and sustainable development in conditions of increasing existential threats and risks.
The reform of the United Nations Organization is realized by us, Earthlings, the need to take deeply thought-out steps towards a constructive transition to a system of global governance of the highest level of democracy, efficiency and certainty, as a result of the wide participation of the Open Global Civil Society in the international political process, towards building a global security minimization of existential threats and risks, increasing the responsibility of politicians and peoples for preserving life in our common home – Mother Earth, achieving the good for all of Humanity: the transition from “UN 2.0” to “UN 3.0” – the United Nations of the XXI century, to the architecture of a Sustainable LifeWorld Governance: “UNO-Сentric multipolar multilaterality”.(1)
Philosophical foundations of the conceptual model “UN 3.0”- the model “UNO-Centric LifeWorld”:
World is Single Whole. Unity in Diversity
Our only Common Home is Mother Earth
We, People of planet Earth – Earthlings
United Nations Peoples Union – Unted Humahity
A Just and Safe World
Let’s save Life on Earth.
Dialogue. Justice. Consensus.
Joint Action for the Common Good.
Nous pensons, donc Nous existons
We think, therefore We exist
Unfortunately, today, in the nuclear-ecological-information era, when existential threats and risks are constantly increasing, the “cult of power” and the principle of “divide and rule” continue to dominate in international relations. As a result of the collapse of trust in relations between the permanent members of the Security Council, which, according to the UN Charter, bear the primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security, the entire system of international law is being dangerously shaken, and politics and thinking are being militarized.(2) To replace “cold war 1.0” came an even more dangerous “cold war 2.0” with a new wave of the arms race and the prohibitively growing role of “artificial quasi-intelligence”. The existential threat to Humanity is growing even more as a result of the fact that this collapse of trust, the undermining of the international law system, and the arms race are taking place during a period of unprecedented coronavirus pandemic for modern generations.
My story, a historical reminder
It is obvious that many politicians today need to remember more often all the crises of the “cold war 1.0”, especially the causes, course and results of the Caribbean missile crisis – one of the most dangerous crises in the 75 years of the UN’s existence…
Frosty October 1962 in the north of Eastern Siberia, in Yakutia … Day by day, a crisis is brewing between the USA and the USSR. I, a 16-year-old boy, in the evenings listened with excitement to the barely perceptible words of a commentator on NHK radio from Japan about the rapid and unpredictable development of the crisis. Anxiety and a question still live in my memory: why one politician could plunge Humanity into an all-out nuclear war?.. But only decades later, we Earthlings, will learn that one Responsible Man saves the world from the nuclear apocalypse on October 27, 1962. (3) The Second Responsible Man from the other opposing side will again save the world the next day – October 28, 1962… (4) On September 26, 1983, the Responsible Man again saves the world from nuclear disaster due to an error in the operation of the space early warning system …(5)
Threats and risks increase
Today, the danger of nuclear war has increased even more, since a number of countries already possess nuclear weapons, and their reserves are sufficient to repeatedly destroy life on Earth. In addition to the risk of nuclear war, there are other existential threats and risks. Is there another Responsible Man today who will stop hypersonic nuclear missiles guided by “artificial quasi intelligence”?
We need understanding, collaboration and reforms
We, Earthlings, need a turn of consciousness, a new philosophy, a new metaphysics – the Great Ontological Сoup in the philosophical basis of knowledge, understanding and mutual understanding.
The United Nations Organization and Global Civil Society must act together, proceeding from the highest goal of Humanity in the modern transitional nuclear-ecological-information age – the preservation of life on Earth.
The reform of the United Nations should be aimed at cardinal improvement of the structure, functions, forms and methods of its work in the conditions of growing existential threats and risks.
The cardinal issue of reforming the entire UN structure is the deepening of democratic principles and methods throughout the entire system of global governance. The United Nations Organization should become a model of the highest level of democracy for all levels of governance, taking into account the historical experience of all countries, the tasks and goals of safe and sustainable development of Humanity, step by step creation of its ontological basis – the system “Open Authority – Open Society”.
UN Reform — The Common Cause of Earthlings
Given the rapid global changes and extraordinary existential events – the coronavirus pandemic, it became necessary to amend the Conceptual Model of the United Nations Reform (1). General principles and approaches to UN reform remain unchanged, but certain adjustments are being made, primarily to the philosophical justification of common goals and the veto right in the Security Council, terms and stages of Reform. The conceptual model includes the General Program of Action for the reform of the UN, considered as the conscious and necessary Common Cause of Earthlings.
General objectives of UN reform
A General Program of Action on UN reform is being developed with a system of measures to reform the United Nations aimed at increasing the efficiency of the global governance system, centralization, coordination, program strategy, redistribution of functions, introducing the principles of high democracy in international relations, developing and promoting a methodology for reaching
consensus, solving the “veto problem”, financing, improving the work with personnel and the mechanism of administrative and financial control, combating corruption, significantly strengthening and expanding the field of the UN media, improvement of work with the Global Civil Society. The key global challenge at this stage is the gradual and purposeful transformation of the UN into the Open United Nation Organization (“UN 3.0), and the Global Civil Society into the Open Global Civil Society.
Stages of Security Council reform
The reform of the UN Security Council is carried out in three stages. The Security Council is gradually, step by step, being transformed into the Existential Security Council (ESC). The name change underscores its essential importance as a global governance body with primary responsibility for ensuring the comprehensive security of Humanity in the face of ever-increasing existential threats and risks. In 1945, the founding countries of the UN did not have a problem that faces Humanity today – the preservation of life on planet Earth. The status of a permanent and non-permanent member of the Existential Security Council is the Greatest Responsibility of a UN member state to all Earthlings for the preservation of life on Earth, for the safety and sustainable development of Humanity.
1st Stage “Essential Necessity” (2023-2025)
At this stage, the composition of the ESC increases to 25 member countries, of which five countries accept of the Absolute (unconditional, eternal) veto right: Great Britain, China, France, Russia, USA.
The General Assembly, in agreement with all ESC member countries, elects in stages 16 new permanent ESS members with Conditional (limited) veto if they fulfill the mandatory conditions (candidate countries): Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Egypt, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Turkey.
In this stage, 4 countries are also elected to the ESS – non-permanent members with the right of Conditional (limited) veto, subject to their fulfillment of mandatory conditions, with a rotation period of 2 years from the geographical regions (or regional unions): Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Pacific Ocean.
Mandatory conditions for the candidate countries in the new permanent or non-permanent members of the Existential Security Council (with the Сonditional veto right ):
- withdrawal from military alliances or blocs with the closure of foreign military bases on their territory or on the territories of other states;
- the absence of territorial claims and hostile relations with other UN member states (with neighboring countries conclude treaties of friendship and mutual assistance);
- participation in all UN treaties and conventions;
- absence of civil, interethnic and interfaith armed conflicts;
- ability and commitment to timely pay the “Mother Earth Tax” to the UN budget on an increased scale.
2nd stage of the “Essential Sufficiency” (2026-2028).
If the expanded Existential Security Council (ESC) works effectively and has continuous feedback from Global Civil Society, new permanent members of the ESC with the Conditional veto right are introduced, taking into account the mandatory conditions met by the candidate country: Iran, Spain, Poland, Saudi Arabia.
Members of the Council can be regional unions whose member countries are not represented in the SEB, but they can have one vote with the right of Conditional veto.
At the second stage, the General Assembly is transformed into the General All-Parliamentary Assembly. (1)
3rd stage of “Global existential stability” (2029-2030)
The number of permanent members of the Existential Security Council (ESC) may increase based on the results of the work of the expanded membership of the ESC.
To improve the efficiency of the Existential Security Council’s work, the ESC Rules are being revised. In particular, the Regulation provides for an annual (spring-summer) Summit of Heads of state (government) of the ESC member countries (“Small Earth Summit”).
Reform of the subsidiary bodies of the Existential Security Council
To improve the efficiency of the reformed Existential Security Council in preventing global threats, preserving peace, conducting peacekeeping operations, combating international terrorism, violent extremism in all its manifestations, centralization of the management of subsidiary bodies of the Existential Security Council is being carried out.: the Military Staff Committee (MSC), the Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC), the Committee for the Prevention of the Proliferation of nuclear, chemical, biological weapons, the Sanctions Committees, and the Control Committee.
Permanent representatives to the Military Staff Committee and the Counter-Terrorism Committee from each the ESC member country should be at the level of the first deputy chief of the general staff and the first deputy head of the counter-terrorism agency of each country. The heads of all Committees report directly to the ESC Deputy Chairman.
The structure of the Military Staff Committee includes the Department of Political-Military Affairs, the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, and the Department of Field Support (transferred from the structure of the UN Secretariat).
The Counter-Terrorism Committee includes the Executive Directorate, the Sanctions Department with Monitoring Teams, the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (transferred from the UN Secretariat’s Department of Political Affairs) and the Counter-Terrorism Center with a corresponding expansion of managerial, analytical, coordination and security functions.
The Existential Security Council oversees subsidiary bodies in cooperation with regional international organizations to ensure comprehensive monitoring of potential conflict situations in various regions, as well as to provide the Existential Security Council with the necessary information on issues of its competence.
Based on the decision of the General Assembly, on the recommendation of the Existential Security Council, contingents of UN peacekeeping and counter-terrorism forces are being created. The formation of the contingents of peacekeeping and counterterrorism contingents (composition, strength, locations, timing and region of action) is carried out on the basis of a decision of the Existential Security Council on the recommendation of the Military Staff and Counterterrorism Committees.
Two additional Centers are being created in the structure of the Existential Security Council::
– The World Center for Elimination of the Consequences of Technogenic and Natural Disasters with branches on all continents, a global warning system and the required amount of financial, human, material and technical resources;
– The World Center for Existential Risk Analysis and General Security Strategy, which is a “think tank” for the analysis of threats and risks to Humanity. The Center establishes partnerships with all independent research centers, foundations and institutes of the UN member states, prepares annual reports for the ESC, the General Assembly, holds World Conferences on Existential Threats and Risks and, based on their results, compiles reports for the ESC. The Center is developing a Program for Research and Monitoring of Global Existential Threats and Risks, which is submitted for consideration and approval by the Existential Security Council.
A High Level Group of Consultants (“Council of the Wise Men”) is established within the Center, which includes the most respected experts in the field of research on existential threats and risks, international law and ethics, and former politicians with the highest Global Trust Rating. Unfortunately, today we, Earthlings, are witnessing extremely dangerous attacks on the Logos – the Laws Sum of the LifeWorld, and the Ethos of International relations – the Moral Consensus of the All-Human House. Therefore, the functions of the “Council of the Wise Men” are extremely important.
Financing of UN activities
The reform of the UN includes solving the problem of financing its activities. A single “UN Open Budget – Solidarity XXI” is being created, which is formed of two parts: mandatory regular payments of the UN member states and voluntary contributions of states, organizations and citizens to the “UN Goodwill Fund”. The budget is approved by the General Assembly for every 2 financial years. Each country – member of the UN transfers in due time an annual compulsory existential contribution – “Mother Earth Tax” (“Earth Tax”).
The amount of the existential contribution for each each UN member state is established according to the “rungs of the existential ladder”, which consists of four scales of calculation.
Calculation scale I – for 5 permanent members of the Existential Security Council (ESC), who have the Absolute (unconditional) veto right.
Calculation scale II – for permanent members of the ESC with the Conditional (limited) veto right.
Calculation scale III – for non-permanent members of the ESC with the Conditional (limited) veto right.
Calculation scale IV – for all other UN member states.
The amount of the “Earth Tax” for each country is based on:
- the average GDP for a ten-year period, taking into account per capita income;
- the total volume of emissions of greenhouse gases and pollutants into the environment;
- the amount of expenditures on the production of all types of weapons from GDP;
- the volume of exports and imports of weapons.
Calculation scales I-III establish the minimum and maximum value of the existential tax.
Calculation scales are set for a period of two years.
The scales are set on the assumption that permanent and non-permanent members of the Existential Security Council form 85-90% of the UN’s single Open Budget. The rest of the budget comes from contributions from all other countries. For countries that do not transfer the mandatory “Earth Tax” on time, penalties are charged, the amount of which is set for each of the Calculation Scales. The list of non-paying countries is published on the UN portal and in other UN media.
The calculation scales, the minimum and maximum threshold for the ” Earth Tax” are set in such a way that the UN’s single budget will at least double by 2026.
Voluntary contributions of the UN member states, citizens of all countries and organizations supporting the goals and objectives of the UN are credited to the “UN Goodwill Fund“ in areas (programs).
The expenditures of the «UN Open Budget», the UN Goodwill Fund, and other UN funds, are presented in a constant mode of replenishment and use on the UN portal for their current control by the paying countries and voluntary donors.
Final annual reports are presented at the meeting of the Existential Security Council and at the session of the General Assembly. Based on the decision of the General Assembly, the necessary changes are made to the Procedure for calculating the UN budget, the stages of its coordination, approval and operational changes, taking into account the implementation of all programs, including emergency ones, to ensure permanent financial stability of all UN organizations.
Today, the military expenditures of all countries of the world are slightly less than two trillion dollars a year, and the total budget of the United Nations is approximately 10 billion dollars. Humanity contributes to the activities of the UN only slightly more than 0.5% of all expenses for the wars of the people of planet Earth with each other.
Conclusion: the concept of UN funding should be based on the principle of constant and accelerated growth of the UN budget by reducing military spending by all UN member states, building a clear system of transparency of these costs.
The conference room of the Security Council
We repeat: worldunderstanding is spaceunderstanding.
The UN Security Council Сonference Room resembles a gloomy esoteric cave… It is obvious that in such a room it is very difficult to reach Consensus in resolving complex issues of international peace and security in the face of increasing existential threats and risks to Humanity. Taking into account the tasks of the enlarged Existential Security Council, a new concept of the space of the Conference Room is needed, the whole atmosphere of which will set the Representatives of all member countries of the Council to reach Consensus. I believe that near the main entrance to the Сonference Кoom should be placed a Memorial Plaque with the philosophical Testament of the “Manifesto of Russell-Einstein” to all Humanity (6):
Let ours be a time remembered for the awakening
of a new reverence for life,
the firm resolve to achieve sustainability,
the quickening of the struggle for justice and peace,
and the joyful celebration of life.
If we, the people of our beautiful planet Earth, Earthlings, continue to ignore this Testament of the great scientists of the 20th century, then the fall of Humanity to the third world war will continue …
Earthlings, be vigilant!
- Vladimir Rogozhin United Humanity: from “UN 2.0” to “UN 3.0” The conceptual model of the United Nations for the XXI century https://independent.academia.edu/VladimirRogozhin
- Informatsionnoye Agenstvo «Bessporno RU». «Gorbachev: v mezhdunarodnykh delakh vozobladal kul’t sily» / Information Agency “Undisputed RU”. “Gorbachev: the cult of power prevailed in international affairs” https://kaliningradlive.com/03062016-27948
- PBS / The Man Who Saved The World https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=453PEldRoIE
- 4 Sluchaya, kogda chelovechestvo yedva ne unichtozhili / 4 The cases when humanity was nearly destroyed https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cP87KbYF6do
- Kevin Costner Documentary / The Man Who Saved the World Trailer 1 (2015) – Stanislav Petrov, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VaPXVJWHji4
- The Russell-Einstein Manifesto http://lakes.chebucto.org/GENERAL/PUGWASH/manifesto.pdf